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Does the Hebrew Word Dabaq Imply that Ruth and Naomi Were Gay?

Naomi Assisted Ruth find Boaz as becoming a HusbandDoes your Previous Testament e-book involving Ruth tell the story of the small woman who had been specialized in the girl mother-in-law as well as will it expose the 2 females like a gay couple? Your response to whether they stood a homosexual relationship or otherwise revolves across the definition along with use involving the Hebrew phrase dabaq.

Who were Ruth as well as Naomi?

The book associated with Ruth tells how Elimelech left Bethlehem inside Judah throughout a famine, moved his wife Naomi as well as their a couple of sons Mahlon as well as Kilion to Moab, and then died. within 10 years the boys had grown up, married 2 Moabite ladies named Ruth and Orpah, and died also leaving the 3 females widowed and childless.

Then, hearing that the famine in Judah had been over, Naomi determined to return to Bethlehem. Ruth and also Orpah started the actual journey with the girl but the lady urged these phones return to their mothers' homes to discover various other husbands simply because the girl could offer them nothing in Judah. Ruth 1:14-16 states that Orpah kissed Naomi as well as turned again yet which Ruth clung for you to Naomi and also informed her that she would go along with the girl as well as which "your folks shall always be my people, as well as your God my God."

Dabaq Employed to Show in which Ruth along with Naomi had been Gay

While the particular love, devotion and loyalty in which Ruth confirmed toward Naomi has been recognized throughout history, within current a prolonged time gay advocates get suggested that the 2 females had been concerned inside a much more intimate, sexual relationship.

In their own book The Kids tend to be Free: Reexamining the Biblical Evidence upon Same-sex Relationships, Jeff Miner along with John Tyler Connoley write that the term translated as "clave" (KJV) or even "clung to" (NIV) inside Ruth 1:14 comes from your Hebrew phrase dabaq. they explain that will dabaq is also utilized in Genesis 2:24 where it states that a man will leave his mother and also father along with "cleave" (KJV) or even "be united" (NIV) to his wife.

Miner and also Connoley conclude which Ruth and also Naomi's relationship ended up being greater than just mere friendship or possibly an in-law's devotion nevertheless in which Ruth felt towards Naomi the identical way that Adam felt towards Eve.

Other Occurrences regarding Dabaq inside the book involving Ruth

Besides its used in Ruth 1:14, dabaq is used three some other occasions throughout Ruth:

Boaz asks Ruth to "stay" along together with his servant girls whilst gleaning during the harvest (2:8).

Ruth tells Naomi in which Boaz asked her for you to "stay" along with his workers until the particular harvest ended up being finished (2:21).

Ruth followed Boaz's assistance and also "stayed close" for the some other females until your harvesting has been finished (2:23).

In the article "Ruth and Naomi - An Exegesis" Peter Ould writes the verses inside Ruth two are usually clearly not invitations pertaining to Ruth for you to form covenant unions along with both the particular workers or perhaps another women.

How Dabaq is used within the old Testament

According in order to James Strong's Hebrew lexicon, dabaq can be used throughout 50 Previous Testament verses and will be also thought as "to cling, stick, cleave, stay close, keep close, comply with closely, be any part of to, overtake, catch." Friedrich Wilhelm Gesenius' lexicon defines dabaq as "to adhere or be glued, to attach oneself, or even to adhere to hard as well as come upon."

A report on how dabaq is used throughout the actual Outdated Testament does not appear to indicate a sexual definition. Regarding example:

Four times inside Deuteronomy (13:14 - 30:20) and also twice throughout Joshua (23:8, 12) Israel can be informed to "hold fast" to God.

Israel is actually warned 3 times in Deuteronomy 13 and also 28 along with once again in Joshua 23 that will scat lesbian God's anger will "cling" in their mind in the form of plagues and diseases when they reject him.

Multiple verses within Genesis, Idol Judges and also the textbooks associated with Samuel, Kings and Chronicles tell how opposing armies had been "pressing hard" upon as well as had been able to "overtake" their enemies.

2 Samuel 20 states the men associated with Judah "stayed by" King David following Israel deserted him and the pair of Samuel 23 tells how Eleazer's sword "clung" (KJV) or "froze" (NIV) in order to his hand throughout battle.

Passages in Job, Psalms, Lamentations and Ezekiel tell the approach a tongue "sticks" to the roof with the mouth.

Proverbs 18:24 states in which a guy together with many companions may arrived at ruin however there's a pal "who sticks closer than your usual brother."

Ruth as well as Naomi - Devoted Within Laws or even a Gay Couple

If Genesis 2:24 had been the only location in the Outdated Testament exactly where dabaq can end up being used it would always be understandable to add a sexual connotation to it. However, reviewing the particular Previous Testament passages exactly where dabaq appears, its use appears to always be able to indicate an actual physical or even spiritual closeness as well as unity between two objects, two individuals or perhaps among Israel as well as God outside involving virtually any sexual context.

Going back again to become able to Ruth 1:14, Orpah had been kissing Naomi goodbye whilst Ruth ended up being holding to Naomi in the physical embrace. Peter Ould indicates that, instead of displaying romantic feelings towards Naomi, Ruth had been merely sustaining her daughter-in-law relationship along with Naomi even though her husband Mahlon was dead. Ruth wasn't going to allow the girl mother-in-law to return for you to Judah alone.

Appearing to help shed the thought of a lesbian relationship, the actual Previous Testament e-book tells how Ruth had been 1st married for you to Mahlon as well as later, throughout Judah, Naomi ended up being in any position to arrange for Boaz his or even her kinsman redeemer to marry Ruth. That was by means of their particular son Obed which they became ancestors in order to King David and, generations later, in order to Jesus your Christ.

While it's distinct in which Naomi and Ruth were built together with a close, loving bond, the particular concept which they had a sexual or perhaps lesbian relationship since the Hebrew term dabaq is utilized inside Ruth 1:14 does not appear to become supported from the biblical evidence.

Recommended Reading

To discover much much more about Ruth along with Naomi, contemplate studying Ruth and also Naomi: Refugees inside the Bible as well as Bible Studies - the actual Guide involving Ruth.


Blue Letter Bible. "Dictionary along with word search regarding dabaq (Strong's 1692)". Blue Letter Bible. 1996-2010. Jan 22, 2011.

Miner, Jeff as well as John Tyler Connoley. The Kids tend to be Free: Reexamining Biblical Evidence on Same-sex Relationships. (Indianapolis: Discovered Pearl Press) 2002.

Ould, Peter. "Ruth and Naomi - An Exegesis". March 17, 2009. Jan 22, 2011.

About the author

Ronald G Falconberry

Ron Falconberry is surely an IT professional and also freelance author whom enjoys researching and writing articles in Bible topics, history, along with sports.

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